After leaving Millfield in 1964, Ali attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from which he graduated with a BSc in Civil Engineering. He went on to obtain an MBA from Harvard University in 1971. Following a period as a consultant to the Arab Fund in Kuwait, he co-founded in 1978, Arab International Finance, a merchant bank in London. Between 1999 and 2002, he was a Senior Associate Member at St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, at its Centre for Middle Eastern Studies. In September 2003, Ali was appointed to be the Minister of Trade of Iraq under the Iraq Governing Council. In April 2004, he was appointed to be Iraq’s first post-war civilian Minister of Defence. In January 2005, he was elected to Iraq’s Transitional National Assembly as a member of the United Iraqi Alliance. In April 2005, he was appointed to be the Minister of Finance in the Transitional Government, holding that post until May 2006 when he returned to private life.He has served on a number of international political and economic panels including at the World Economic Forum in Davos, at the Royal Institute of International Affairs, and at the IMF and World Bank annual meetings. In February 2007, the Independent newspaper, devoted its full front page in presenting Ali’s plans for a comprehensive settlement for Iraq.As an author, he has published two books (see “Authors” section), both of which have been well received by critics and the reading public. In January 2007, he was presented with the Robert and Joanna Bendetson Global Public Diplomacy Award by the Institute for Global Leadership, Tufts University.Ali is affiliated with St. Antony’s College, Oxford University, where he is a Senior Associate Member. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Institute for Arab and Islamic Studies at Exeter University. In 2008-09, he was elected a Senior Fellow at Princeton University. In June 2009, he was elected a Senior Visiting Fellow for the 2009-10 academic years at the Carr Center, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.